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Daemonorops Draco

The large jernang rattan(Daemonorops draco)is a type of rattan member of the tribe Arecaceae (Palmae). This rattan can be found in the Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Kalimantan. This plant has male and female flowers found in different plants. Daemonorops draco begins to bear fruit after the age of 2 years.

The leaves cover the stems of a large jernang rattan. Leaves with a size of 15 mm. Although the leaves are quinted like palms in general, it can be distinguished based on the leaves that are lanset and memita, on the surface of the leaf child there are fine thorns, by sitting the leaves facing the face with a large number.

Each of the leaves is thorny, brown-yellowish in color. His inflorescments form malai, and are arranged in bunches. The sign is disguised by a boat-shaped cell. The outside of the cell, thorny. The ripe fruit is round in shape, reddish-brown in color. The seeds are single, but it is with these seeds that large jernang rattan breeds.

Rattan is small but long, the stature of a large jernang rattan resembles D. microcantha. Large jernang rattan grows in clumps, with the length of the trunk spreading or climbing up to 15m.

Daemonorops draco produce resin from its immature fruits. This resin is one of the non-wood forest products that has been used continuously as a drug (antibacterial, anticancer, antiviral, anti-inflammatory), dye, frankincense and lacquer. Traditionally, the jernang sap is extracted using a simple technique by stomping fresh rattan fruit in a rattan basket so that the sticking resin detaches and falls off the skin.

JERNANG

Jernang is a type of resin produced from several species of rattan from the daemonorops clan. This red resin has long been traded and used as a dye, incense, and traditional medicinal ingredient.

Jernang is produced from Sumatra and Kalimantan (Indonesia), its designation in various regions including jernang, jerenang, jeranang, jeronang,and others.

Outside indonesia, this plant can also be obtained from plants other than rattan jernang; Starting from the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and South America.

Rattan jernang naturally grows and propagates with a height of up to 30 meters or more depending on the tree that is the host. The shape is small elongated and flexible diameter of 2-3 cm filled with small sharp thorns.

Each book of stems between 5 - 12 cm with green leaves consists of strands of leaves arranged in pairs. The surface of the bottom of the leaves is sunken and has a small round fruit that is shiny purple at the end of the bunch.

Rattan jernang begins to flower at the age of 2-3 years and bears fruit at the age of 4-6 years. Harvesting jernang fruit can be done twice, around April and September. One rattan stem usually has 2 to 3 bunches of fruit. To produce 1 kg of rattan jernang fruit requires at least 10-30 bunches.

fruit of the tree jernang

Jernang is a type of resin produced from several species of rattan from the daemonorops clan. This red resin has long been traded and used as a dye, incense, and traditional medicinal ingredient.

Jernang is produced from Sumatra and Kalimantan (Indonesia), its designation in various regions including jernang, jerenang, jeranang, jeronang,and others.

Outside indonesia, this plant can also be obtained from plants other than rattan jernang; Starting from the Middle East, Southeast Asia, and South America.

Rattan jernang naturally grows and propagates with a height of up to 30 meters or more depending on the tree that is the host. The shape is small elongated and flexible diameter of 2-3 cm filled with small sharp thorns.

Each book of stems between 5 - 12 cm with green leaves consists of strands of leaves arranged in pairs. The surface of the bottom of the leaves is sunken and has a small round fruit that is shiny purple at the end of the bunch.

Rattan jernang begins to flower at the age of 2-3 years and bears fruit at the age of 4-6 years. Harvesting jernang fruit can be done twice, around April and September. One rattan stem usually has 2 to 3 bunches of fruit. To produce 1 kg of rattan jernang fruit requires at least 10-30 bunches.

JERNANG PROCESS

One simple technique to get jernang resin from the usual type of rattan is to mash fresh rattan fruit so that the resin attached to the outside of the fruit is detached/ separated. To get the resin jernang is done extraction. Extraction can be done in 2 ways, namely dry and wet extraction.

Dry extraction technique is done by mashing fresh jernang rattan fruit. The yield of resin produced is 4-5%.

Wet extraction technique uses water and consists of 2 ways, namely:
1. Rattan fruit is dried to dry, then pounded to facilitate separating the skin and rattan seeds. Rattan fruit peels are put in a container containing water and stirred or kneaded until the resin dissolves in water. Next, the water is filtered using a sieve from a plastic woven sack. The sieve water is placed in a container and left until the jernang resin settles perfectly. The resulting yield ranges from 4-6%.

2. Rattan fruit is inserted in a silider-shaped container that has contained water, then the silider is rotated until the resin dissolves perfectly in water. Once the resin dissolves perfectly, the water is filtered and the filter water is placed in a container for the resin to settle. Resin deposits are separated from water and dried. The yield of the resin produced ranges from 4-6%.

JERNANG ACEH SPECIAL

We offer Jernang with the best quality for you

JERNANG PRODUCTS

We currently produce products in the form of balls with the following specifications:

1. Dracorhodin > 1%

2. Alcohol Isobule meter (AIM) < 25%

3. ASH < 6%

4. Not contaminated with sulfur dioxide

5. Not contaminated with harmful substances or prohibited by fda and CFDA

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